Introduction

This project is still in its planning stage, however if you are interested do not hesitate to contact me at dotbit at this domain. I intend to make this an open source hardware project which will be accessible through this http server, and through git where anyone who wants to contribute can push back their proposed changes. The name mimics Maxwell's daemon's naming scheme, and my name is Moustos.

The purpose of this project is to create a generic infrastructure for allowing different energy-converting devices to exchange energy, and an informational system which optimizes the flow of energy.

The reason why I consider this to be necessary is that many of the devices which we use don't actually need electricity, the reason why we use so much electricity is because it is cheap, needs no logistics, is available almost everywhere and is very simple to use, you just plug the device in and it works. First I just have to bust the myth that electric devices are energy efficient: yes they usually are, but consider that producing the electricity is usually between 20-40% efficient, the rest of the energy being cooled off as waste heat during production or energy distribution, so even 100% efficient electric heating is really only 20-40% efficient, an electric motor which is 70% efficient is really only (0.7*0.4=0.28) 28% efficient in the best case. Ok, now I hear you mention cogeneration (combined heat and power), but here there are also great pumping costs, great heat loss during transportation because of the central nature of large powerplants. What I want to do with moustos' daemon is to do n-generation where n is the number of energy sources into which the input is converted into: mechanical (torque), thermal (hot+cold), hydraulic, gas pressure, AC electricity, DC electricity.

By having mechanical (rotating axle), fluid (valve routed plumbing) and electrical interconnects for all devices and allow software to route energy and fluids optimally. The scope of this project is to determine the optimal arrangement of these interconnects and the mounting system for the devices as well as the software for optimization. The scope of this project is not to create new devices: turbines, motors, etc but reuse what already exists in a smarter way.

Project content

Control

Energy class
id int,     // 
device int, //
input bool, // is the device inputting energy into the system
output bool,// or consuming it?

Mechanical

Two axles which may have a number of devices connect/disconnect while it is spinning in order to transfer mechanical energy between them. These two axles may be locked together at the same rotational speed through the same clutch mechanism through which the devices to connect/disconnect or they may spin at different rotational speeds.

Fluid

Routing fluids by opening and closing valves. Need to have different classes of fluids so that there is no contamination between them and also a cleaning system. Fluids may be petrol, methane, compressed air, hot/cold/drinking/force transfer water.

Electrical

Grid connected 400V three phase AC power, stabilized 400V not grid connected, uninterruptable three phase AC, 12VDC. How many bus-bars do I need for this? 3 for grid, 3 for internal ac, two for dc but what about working zero, should they be common or separate? The chassi can be earth.

Example Devices

Permanent magnet three phase synchronous AC motor/generator
Input and output: 3 phase AC and torque (reversible)
Heat exchanger
Input and output: two fluids in, two fluids out
Water pump/turbine
Input and output: water flow and torque (reversible)
Reversible coolant pump/turbine
Input and output: Heat, torque (reversible)
Gas turbine
Input: Gas; output: torque; Do note that this does not burn any gas, it expands away the energy difference between a pressurized gas and ambient pressure.
Gas Compressor
Input: torque; Output: Compressed gas
Einstein refrigirator
Input: Hot fluid; Output: Cold fluid
Thermoelectric Peltier
Input and output: fluid, DC (reversible). What can you do with this power, up the voltage to 12V only to down it again for use in a microprocesor at 1.xx volts?
Stabilized DC source
Input: 3 Phase AC; Output: 12VDC

Storage

Stackable pallet sized storage tanks.